Interbull Routine Genetic Evaluation for Dairy Production Traits
The latest test international evaluation for dairy production traits took
place as scheduled at the Interbull Centre. Data from twenty seven (27) countries were included in this evaluation. Results were distributed on
May 10, 2007, to designated representatives.
International genetic evaluations for milk, fat and protein yields of bulls from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Netherlands,New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Rep. of South Africa, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America were computed. Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Holstein, Jersey, Red Dairy Cattle and Simmental breed data were included in this evaluation.
New data (national genetic evaluations) included in this evaluation
Changes in Interbull procedures
Changes in file format
Data and method of analysis
Data were national genetic evaluations of AI sampled bulls with daughters in
at least 10 herds. Table 1 presents the amount of data included in this Interbull evaluation. The difference between "No. Records" and
"No. Bulls" is explained by common bulls with proofs in more than one country. The
entry "Publishable Proofs" reflects bulls whose international evaluations were distributed to service customers. The difference between
"No. Bulls" and "Publishable Proofs" is explained by bulls not meeting the minimum criterion for official publication in the country of origin.
Table 2 and table 3 presents the current definition of the reference (genetic) base and date of evaluation, respectively, as supplied by each country in the dairy-production proof file.
Estimated genetic parameters are shown in APPENDIX I and the corresponding number of common bulls are listed in APPENDIX II. Parameters are listed by breed, trait and country.
National proofs were first de-regressed within country and then analysed jointly with a linear model including the effects of evaluation country, genetic group of bull and bull merit. Different breeds were analysed separately. Heritability estimates used in both the de-regression and international evaluation were as in each country's national evaluation (Table 4).
Ancestor-bulls without own proofs were traced back two generations from the oldest bulls with proofs in order to increase across country connections and account for the effect of selection.
Genetic groups were defined according to unidentified parents by national origin, breed and birth year of the bull and path of selection (sire, maternal grand-sire, maternal grand-dam). Birth year grouping was by 1-5 year periods. Small groups (generally consisting of less than 10 bull) were combined.
The international genetic evaluation procedure is based on international work described in the following scientific publications:
International genetic evaluation computation:
Schaeffer. 1994. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2671-2678
Klei, 1998. Interbull Bulletin 17:3-7
Verification and Genetic trend validation:
Klei et al., 2002. Interbull Bulletin 29:178-182.
Boichard et al., 1995. J. Dairy Sci. 78:431-437
Fikse and Banos, 2001. J. Dairy Sci. 84:1759-1767
Sigurdsson and G. Banos. 1995. Acta Agric. Scand. 45:207-219
Jairath et al. 1998. J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 81:550-562
Genetic parameter estimation:
Klei and Weigel, 1998, Interbull Bulletin 17:8-14
Sullivan, 1999. Interbull Bulletin 22:146-148
Post-processing of estimated genetic correlations:
Mark et al., 2003, Interbull Bulletin 30:126-135
Jorjani et al., 2003. J. Dairy Sci. 86:677-679
Weigel and Banos. 1997. J. Dairy Sci. 80:3425-3430
International reliability estimation
Harris and Johnson. 1998. Interbull Bulletin 17:31-36
Publication of Interbull evaluations
Results were distributed by the Interbull Centre to designated
representatives in each country. The international evaluation file comprised international proofs expressed on the base and unit of each country included
in the analysis. Such records readily provide more information on bull performance in various countries, thereby minimising the need to resort to
At the same time, all recipients of Interbull results are expected to honour the agreed code of practice, decided by the Interbull Steering Committee, and only publish international evaluations on their own country scale. Evaluations expressed on another country scale are confidential and may only be used internally for research and review purposes.
All recipients are also expected to follow the agreed guidelines for advertising genetic merit. The guidelines has been distributed to all members and is available on the Interbull homepage (http://www.interbull.org) under "Publications and Documentation/General information".
Next routine international evaluation
The next routine international evaluation for dairy production, udder health, conformation, longevity, calving traits (BSW, Holsteins, RDC) and female fertility is scheduled for August 2007. New data for the August routine run should reach the Interbull Centre not later than Tuesday July 31, 2007, 17:00 Central European Time (CET); in any case, the most recently received data will be considered.The target time for distribution of results for internal review to designated representatives, who have signed a confidentiality agreement with the Centre, is Thursday Augsust 9, 2007. Official release date of the results is targeted to be Monday August 13, 2007.
Next test international evaluation
The next test international evaluation for dairy production, conformation,
udder health, longevity and calving traits (Red dairy cattle breed, Brown Swiss,
Holstein) and female fertility traits (Holstein) is scheduled for September 2007.
Countries wishing to enter the system for the first time or planning to submit new information (modified national evaluation procedure, new breeds etc) for
following routine evaluations must have their data tested in this test-run.
Deadline for sending data and validation results to the Interbull Centre for the next test-run is September 4, 2007 at 17:00 CET.
Means of result distribution from the Interbull Centre
Electronic exchange of data is probably more efficient
than anything else. Currently most countries in the service have established
internet connections and receive international evaluation results on the day of
their release. Subscribers to the service that do not already exercise this
option are encouraged to consider it and establish an internet connection and
ftp account. When such accounts are available, please provide their
specifications to the Interbull Centre. Until then, data will be delivered on
For more information about the international genetic evaluation service please contact the Interbull Centre: address: SLU Box 7023, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden; fax: +46-18-672648;
Please use Interbull_at_hgen.slu.se for all communication regarding Interbull services.